The concept of collective housing may sound strange to you or maybe you don't know what it refers to. However, we are sure you have seen collective housing projects many times. Do you want to know what is it? Read about it just below.
Collective housing, what is it?
It is a building or groups of buildings that include individual dwellings, where each unit is inhabited by a family, independent from the rest. Their use is mainly residential and there are common areas, such as the entrance, a common garden or a garage, and private areas, such as storage rooms.
Collective housing refers to apartments, attics, duplex, lofts, or any other residential this typology. You may think that this concept refers to a specific structure, but this is not the case. They are called collective housing because they are used by a group of people without any family relationship among them.
In general terms, collective housing is the opposite of single-family dwellings. The apartments would fall under collective housing, while the individual houses are single-family dwellings. But there are cases in which the clasification is not so clear. For example, semi-detached houses.
Barracks, old people's homes, student residences, hotels or even convents can be considered collective dwellings too, because all of them are inhabited by a group of people who share something, even if it is only the access.
Advantages of collective housing
Types of collective housing
At the end of the 19th century and during the first half of the 20th century, the growth of cities and socioeconomic and cultural changes promoted the development of collective housing, which responded to the great demand for housing in urban areas.
There are several types of collective housing projects:
They consist of a group of horizontal or vertical dwellings. There are common spaces, such as gardenss, dining rooms or laundry rooms. The people who live in these residential complexes are usually non-related individuals or people who live alone in a dwelling.
These are dwellings without separations between the different rooms of the house. There are almost no walls or divisions. It is considered a contemporary and innovative distribution that integrates the entire house and separates the areas using different materials or paint colors. They are very lighted and diaphanous spaces.
It is the most common collective housing type. It consists of single level floors where all the rooms of the house are located: bedrooms, living-dining room, kitchen, etc.
It is a dwelling configured in two floors connected by an interior staircase that joins both spaces.
All types of collective housing projects have similar features. They are designed to enable residents to share common areas and the costs of services for all dwellings.
Changes in people's way of life, technological evolution and the need to increase population density in cities have favored the use of collective housing, among other residential types, because it implies a better use of the resources available, and reduces the costs of common services and supplies.
The Master of Advanced Studies in Collective Housing is a professional and international postgraduate programme that is developed on a full-time basis, dealing with advanced architectural design in the city and housing. It is designed and taught jointly by the Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH).
The application period for MCH2022 is already opened, and it will remain so till 31.01.2022 or until vacancies are filled.